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        研究發現,死亡數周后的新冠患者的遺體仍能傳播病毒

        研究發現,死亡數周后的新冠患者的遺體仍能傳播病毒

        ERIN PRATER 2022-12-20
        研究者在去世13天的新冠患者遺體內,發現了“大量”具有傳染性的病毒。

        圖片來源:PHOTO BY ARTUR WIDAK/NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGES

        新冠患者死亡并不意味著患者體內的病毒也隨之消亡。

        日本研究人員最近的一項研究,在去世13天的新冠患者遺體內,發現了“大量”具有傳染性的病毒。該項研究尚未經過同行審議。與此同時,2021年3月德國的一項研究也得出了類似結論——新冠病毒可能在遺體內存活長達17天。

        眾所周知,病毒可以在表面長期存活并依舊具有傳染力。美國疾病預防控制中心(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)表示,有多項研究已經發現,引發新冠肺炎的SARS-CoV-2病毒能夠在不銹鋼、塑料和玻璃等表面存活長達三天。

        自疫情爆發以來,太平間的工作人員就被警告在處理新冠患者遺體時需要小心謹慎,并全程配戴防護裝備。對于參加葬禮的人們來說,感染新冠病毒最大的風險來自其他感染者而不是逝者。

        疾控中心在4月表示:“在葬禮或探訪儀式上,與新冠患者共處一室,目前還沒有已知的關聯風險。然而,身處在人員密集或通風不佳的空間內,如果周圍有人感染,你感染的可能性就會更高?!?/p>

        世界衛生組織(World Health Organization)表示,埃博拉病毒已知會在葬禮上傳播,當家族成員和其他人在宗教儀式上觸碰或清洗遺體時,或者發放死者私人物品時,都會傳播病毒。這是因為遺體和物品仍攜帶有病毒。

        死于新冠的人不止在呼吸道中藏有病毒。本周在《自然》(Nature)雜志上發表的一片論文發現,在44位去世時感染新冠(但不一定死于新冠)的未接種疫苗的患者體內,在84個人體解剖部位和體液中發現了SARS-CoV-2。這些位置包括大腦、血漿、心臟、淋巴結、腎上腺和眼睛。

        研究發現,其中一位患有新冠的患者在癥狀發作230天后去世,在解剖時依舊在其人體的多個部分發現了病毒。(財富中文網)

        譯者:劉進龍

        審校:汪皓

        新冠患者死亡并不意味著患者體內的病毒也隨之消亡。

        日本研究人員最近的一項研究,在去世13天的新冠患者遺體內,發現了“大量”具有傳染性的病毒。該項研究尚未經過同行審議。與此同時,2021年3月德國的一項研究也得出了類似結論——新冠病毒可能在遺體內存活長達17天。

        眾所周知,病毒可以在表面長期存活并依舊具有傳染力。美國疾病預防控制中心(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)表示,有多項研究已經發現,引發新冠肺炎的SARS-CoV-2病毒能夠在不銹鋼、塑料和玻璃等表面存活長達三天。

        自疫情爆發以來,太平間的工作人員就被警告在處理新冠患者遺體時需要小心謹慎,并全程配戴防護裝備。對于參加葬禮的人們來說,感染新冠病毒最大的風險來自其他感染者而不是逝者。

        疾控中心在4月表示:“在葬禮或探訪儀式上,與新冠患者共處一室,目前還沒有已知的關聯風險。然而,身處在人員密集或通風不佳的空間內,如果周圍有人感染,你感染的可能性就會更高?!?/p>

        世界衛生組織(World Health Organization)表示,埃博拉病毒已知會在葬禮上傳播,當家族成員和其他人在宗教儀式上觸碰或清洗遺體時,或者發放死者私人物品時,都會傳播病毒。這是因為遺體和物品仍攜帶有病毒。

        死于新冠的人不止在呼吸道中藏有病毒。本周在《自然》(Nature)雜志上發表的一片論文發現,在44位去世時感染新冠(但不一定死于新冠)的未接種疫苗的患者體內,在84個人體解剖部位和體液中發現了SARS-CoV-2。這些位置包括大腦、血漿、心臟、淋巴結、腎上腺和眼睛。

        研究發現,其中一位患有新冠的患者在癥狀發作230天后去世,在解剖時依舊在其人體的多個部分發現了病毒。(財富中文網)

        譯者:劉進龍

        審校:汪皓

        Just because a COVID patient dies doesn’t mean the virus in their body does.

        A recent study by researchers in Japan that has yet to be peer reviewed found that infectious virus was present in “large amounts” in cadavers of COVID victims up to 13 days after death. Meanwhile, a March 2021 study out of Germany came to a similar conclusion—that COVID virus can exist in corpses up to 17 days after death.

        It was already known that the virus can remain infectious on surfaces for extended periods of time. Multiple studies have indicated that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID, can last up to three days on household surfaces like stainless steel, plastic, and glass, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

        Since the beginning of the pandemic, mortuary workers have been advised to handle bodies of COVID casualties with caution, and to?wear protective equipment while doing so. For those who merely attend funerals, the greatest risk of catching COVID at them is from other attendees who have the virus—not from a corpse.

        “There is currently no known risk associated with being in the same room at a funeral or visitation service with the body of someone who died of COVID-19,” the CDC wrote in April. “However, being in crowded or poorly ventilated indoor spaces may make you more likely to get sick if people around you are infected.”

        Ebola is known to spread at funerals, during which family members and others touch or wash a cadaver during religious rights, or distribute the deceased’s personal property, according to the World Health Organization. That’s because the body and items continue to carry the virus.

        It’s not just the airways of COVID casualties that can harbor the virus. A study published this week in the journal?Nature found SARS-CoV-2 in 84 distinct anatomical body locations and fluids in the bodies of 44 unvaccinated individuals who had died with COVID-19 (though not necessarily of it). Those locations included the brain, plasma, the heart, lymph nodes, adrenal gland, and eyes.

        In one case, a patient who died with COVID 230 days following the onset of symptoms still had the virus in multiple locations in their body upon autopsy, according to the study.

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